Elephants are one of the most frequently seen animals on a safari with us.
Where do they come from?
Elephants come in three different varieties, and where each one can be found depends on the species. Elephants come in two varieties in Africa. The African elephant, loxodonta africana, can be found in the African Savannah and the Sahel desert of Mali. This is the largest elephant species on the planet.
The loxodonta cyclotis African elephant, which is significantly smaller, lives in the rainforests of Central and West Africa. Elephants used to wander all over Africa, but now they are restricted to protected areas and the Savannah. Elephants in Africa and Asia can now be found in 37 African countries and 13 Asian countries.
What is the population in Africa and why are they endangered?
Just about 400,000 African elephants are left in the wild today.
Elephants in Africa are endangered due to man’s desire for ivory, which has resulted in elephants being hunted and killed for their valuable tusks. To give you an idea of how many elephants are killed for ivory, there were 1.3 million elephants in the 1970s. Just about a third of the amount remains.
African Forest Elephants, which live in the Basin’s forests, are more vulnerable to poaching than any other animal, and their numbers are steadily declining. Furthermore, humans are to blame for the massive loss of African elephants’ habits. As Africa’s population grows, more and more land is being converted to agriculture.
Elephants and humans are encountering one another more than they used to due to a smaller habit, which is creating friction. Elephants are intelligent animals who sometimes attack farmers’ crops for food. This could result in the deaths of both humans and elephants because of the conflict.
How much does the average elephant weigh?
African elephants are the world’s biggest land animals today. According to National Geographic, the average African elephant would weigh between 5,000 and 14,000 lbs. (2,268 to 6,350 kg). However, the world’s largest African elephant, weighing in at a whopping 24,000 pounds, was discovered in Angola (11,000 kg).
Elephant males can grow to be significantly larger than elephant females. Female elephants, also known as “Cows,” grow to weigh between 6,000 and 8,000 pounds. Asian elephants are smaller than African elephants, weighing between 4,400 and 11,000 pounds (2,000 to 5,000 kg).
How tall is an elephant?
African elephants are the world’s biggest land animals today. According to National Geographic, the average African elephant can grow to be between 8.2 and 13 feet (2.5 to 4 m) tall from shoulder to toe. Male elephants will grow to be considerably larger than their female counterparts. Female elephants, also known as “Cows,” are smaller than male elephants and only reach a height of 9 to 13 feet.
Asian elephants are smaller, standing between 6.6 and 11.5 feet (2 and 3.5 meters) tall at the shoulder.
What do they eat?
Elephants are herbivores, meaning they only consume grasses, spices, fruit, plants, and trees.
How much can they eat a day?
Elephants are massive creatures, which means they must find and consume a lot of food. Their daily calorie consumption is nearly equal to 4-7 percent of their body weight. Elephants in Africa can consume up to 330 lbs (150 kg) of food per day.