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Cape Baboon (Papio ursinus)


The Cape Baboon is a primate that has the face that resembles that of a dog and has large canines. A fully-grown male Cape Baboon can reach up to 1.5m from its head to its tail and weighs up to 33kg. The female is slenderer, weighs less and is a bit smaller than the male.


Baboons are omnivorous animals, meaning they eat meat, fruit and vegetables. They have also been known to eat scorpions, fish, insects and the flesh of other animals, dead or alive. Troops have been known to raid crops from farms which also means that they also eat crops.


Baboons have no breeding season and are sexually active throughout the year. After a gestation period of 140 days, the female will give birth to a single youngling. The only natural threat the baboons fac are leopards and cheetah.


Baboons are animals that lie in large groups, called troops, that can be up to 100 members strong. These troops have a very complicated social order. Baboons are very territorial and can be very aggressive towards anything nearby and usually attack or defend in groups.

Where can they be found?

Chacma Baboons have a large area where they can be found, including the Kruger Park where they are a common sight during a Kruger Safari. They live in semi-Alpine areas as well as semi-desert and woodland areas. They are spread out across most of southern Africa and the neighboring countries. In the North, the Chacma Baboon is replaced by the Yellow Baboon.

Interesting notes

Though the baboon falls prey to leopards and cheetahs, they have been known to hold their ground against these predators and there have been cases of baboons viciously ripping them apart, though it is a very rare sight you could still see it while on a Kruger Park Safari. In the Cape, they are a huge pest as they raid the houses of people and this usually leads to a bloody confrontation.

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